### Chap 16 Data Handling: Activity 3(b) Interpreting Line Graphs

Source of Information: Statistics Singapore. (2010, April 18). Statistics Visualiser. Retrieved from http://www.singstat.gov.sg/stats/stats.html#explorer.

Indonesia, China, Australia, Malaysia and India were Singapore’s top visitor-generating markets in 2009, accounting to more than 50% of total visitor arrivals for the year.

Increased air links and the growth of low cost carriers in the region contributed to the increase in visitor arrivals from countries such as Malaysia in 2009, mitigating the declines in visitor arrivals from other countries due to weak economic sentiments and the impact of Influenza A (H1N1).

Click HERE to view and access the interactive graph (as shown below) that shows the number of visitor arrivals from these 5 countries.
Note:
Make use of the interactive features of the graph (right click at the chart to explore) to draw out trends - for individual countries, as well as make comparisons between countries.

From the graphs,

(a) For each country, describe the variation in the data, starting from 1999 to 2009. Based on the data, would you predict the number of visitors for 2010 is going to be higher or lower than 2009? What makes you think it is higher or lower? [10 marks]
(i) Austrialia: ..... {i.e. your observation...}

(b) Make a comparison amongs the data from each country, the data from which country stands out? Why do you think there are more visitors from this country than others? Would you be able to briefly describe the possible purposes of visit by people from these 5 countries? [6 marks]

(c) What other observations or inferences you could make from the graphs? [Bonus: 4 marks]

Note: This is part of the daily work. All are to attempt.
You may refer to the example in Textbook Chap 16 (p176) to guide you in answering the question.

1. a) Indonesia : The amount of visitors increases from 1999 to 2002, but from 2002 to 2003, it drops. There is a sudden surge from 2003 to 2004, and it continues to increase till 2007, and then it starts decreasing. In 2010, the number of visitors will be higher, because the graph shows that every 4 years, the visitors increases, so by 2009 it should increase, but it did not due to the economy issue, therefore this year it should increase.

China : The amount of visitors increases from 1999 to 2002, but from 2002 to 2003, it drops. There is a sudden surge from 2003 to 2004, but drops from 2004 to 2005. Then it increases to 2007, but drops till 2009. In 2010, the number of visitors will be lower, because it starts to decrease from 2007, and from 2009, due to economy crisis, it should drop further. Even if it is picking up, it will not be that fast.

Australia : The amount of visitors increases from 1999 to 2001, but from 2001 to 2003, it drops. It starts to increase again from 2003 to 2008, but drops from 2008 to 2009. In 2010, the number of visitors will be higher, because on average, it has been increasing. It decreased in 2009 due to economy crisis, but it should be picking up very soon, and therefore increasing again.

Malaysia : The amount of visitors increases from 1999 to 2001, but from 2001 to 2003, it drops. From 2003 to 2009 it increases. In 2010, the number of visitors will be higher, because even though there was an economy crisis last year, the population still increased, therefore it should increase in 2010.

India : The amount of visitors increases from 1999 to 2000, drops from 2000 to 2001, increases from 2001 to 2002, and drops from 2002 to 2003. It then increases from 2003 to 2008, and drops from 2008 to 2009. In 2010, the number of visitors will be lower, because it starts to decrease from 2008, and from 2009, due to economy crisis, it should drop further. Even if it is picking up, it will not be that fast.

b) The Indonesia graph stands out. I think there are more visitors as influential Indonesians come to Singapore for medical treatment, checkup, and shopping. Furthermore, Singapore is also very near to Indonesia.

c) From 2002 to 2003, the number of visitors from Australia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and India decreased drastically. And the number of visitors decreased from 2008 to 2009 again.

2. a) The number of visitors to Indonesia increased from 1992 to 2002 but in 2003, it decreased. There was an increase from 2004 to 2007 before decreasing in 2008- 2009. I think will increase as the line graph is stabilizing and this shows that most likely the visitors next year will increase.

The number of visitors to Australia increased from 1992-2001 but from 2002-2003, it decreased. From 2004- 2008 visitor numbers increased and decreased in 2009. However at 2010 it decreased. I think that the number of visitors will decrease as it normally takes 2 years for a country to recover from a visitor drop as seen in Australia and Indonesia.

The number of visitors to China increased from 1992-2002, however in 2003 it decreased before increasing in 2003 and increased in 2004 and decreased 2005 and it increased in 2006 and 2007 and decreased in 2008 and 2009. I think the number if visitors will increase as it takes 2 years for a country to recover from a visitor drop as seen in Australia and Indonesia.

The number of visitor going to India increased from 1999-2000, decreased in 2001 and increased in 2002 before decreasing in 2003 and increased from 2004-2008 and it dropped in 2009. I think the vistors to India will increase as it is picking its feet up from the economic crisis and it seems to be not badly affected by it.

The number of visitors to Malaysia increased in 1999 to 2001 but from 2002 and 2003, it dropped and from 2004 to 2009, it increased. I think it will decrease due to the riots in Malaysia recently.

b) I think the Indonesia graph stands out as the number of visitors there are more than that of the other countries as seen. People could be going there to holiday at areas like Bali and doing business.

c) The number of visitors decreased in 2003 and on average increased from 2004 to 2009

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4. a) Malaysia :The number of visitors increased over 1999 to 2001 before dropping until year 2003. From there, a surge of visitors came and the numbers increase gradually until 2008 where the economy crisis started and the numbers dropped but increased during 2009. The number of visitors should increase in 2010 since the economy crisis which hit Malaysia last year still resulted in numbers increasing and it should do so for 2010 since the economy is back to normal now.

Indonesia: The number of visitors increased from 1999 until the year 2002 to 2003, where it decreased and till 2004, there was a rapid increase which continued until year 2007 and from then figures decreased until year 2009. It should increase as there is a vague pattern in the graph. After every 4 years, there is a decrease in the number of visitors, but it still continued to decrease for 2009, so there is a likely chance that it will increase for this year.

India: The number of visitors increased by a little each year from 1999 to 2002 when the figures decreased in 2003. They increased again in 2004 and had a steady increasing graph over the years until 2008 when it decreased again. It should continue to decrease for the next few years as the economic crisis hit India hard and it will take some time for the number of visitors to pick up again.

China: For China, the number of visitors increase from 1999 to 2002 before dropping drastically and then increasing for 2004 and 2004. It then decreased before increasing again for 2005 and 2006. From 2006 onwards, it continued to increase till 2007 before starting to decrease for 2008 to 2009. It should continue to decrease fro this year since the economic crisis hit China very hard, and they need time to recover and get things running again before the numbers can increase.

Australia: There is a small increase in the number of visitors from 1999 to 2001 before a small decrease from 2001 to 2002 led to a drastic one in 2003. It then started increasing ever since 2004 to 2009. It should increase for this year since on average Australia was not affected very much by the economic crisis, so the numbers should increase.

b) The Indonesia graph stand out. They have a lot of people that come to Singapore as Singapore has many very quality services like healthcare and the fact that Singapore is very close(position) to Indonesia, it is very convenient for Indonesians to come to Singapore.

c) During the 2002-2003 period of time, every country's number of visitors to Singapore decreased and again decreased in the 2008-2009 time period.

5. a) Indonesia : The number of visitors increased slightly until 2002 when there was a slight dip in the number of visitors in 2003. The number of visitors increased sharply and then increased slowly from 2004-2007. The number of visitors dropped from 2007-2009. However, the drop in 2009 was much lesser than the drop in 2008.

China : The number of visitors increased steadily from 1999-2001 and increased slightly more in 2002. However, it dropped slightly in 2003 but increased sharply in 2004 then decreased very slightly in 2005. The number of visitors increased until 2007 and then started to drop till 2009.

Australia : The number of visitors increased slowly from 1999-2001. It then drops very slightly in 2002 and drops much more in 2003. However, it increased almost as much as it decreased in 2004 and increased steadily until 2008. It does not change in 2009.

Malaysia : The number of visitors increased from 1999-2001 but increases less in 2001 then in 2000. The number of visitors drops slightly in 2002 and a little greater in 2003. The number of visitors then increased about the same as how much it had decreased in 2003. The number of visitors then increased steadily until 2008 where it increased greatly in 2009.

India : From 1999-2000, the number of visitors increased slightly, remained the same in 2001, increased slightly again and then dropped more than the increase in 2002. The number of visitors then increase steadily until 2008 and decreased in 2009.

I predict that the number of visitors in 2010 will be lower than the number of visitors in 2009 as most of the line graphs for each country show a decrease in the end but never an increase.

b) I think the Indonesia graphs stands out. I feel there will be more visitors from this country as compared to others as many Indonesians come to Singapore in search of a safe place as the crime rate in Indonesia is quite high. People from other countries also come to Singapore as it is safer, cleaner than some countries and people also come to Singapore in search of jobs.

c) From the graph, I can also infer that overall in 2010, there will be less visitors to Singapore as most line graphs of the countries end by decreasing in 2009.

6. (a)

Australia: There was a gradual increase in the number of visitors from 1999-2001. Following by a slight fall in visitors from australia in the subsequent year continuing with a sudden drastic decrease in visitors the year after. But the in the next year, 2004, there is yet, another significant increase in the visitors from Australia. Following that year from 2005 - 2008, there is continuos increase in visitors. But in 2009, there is a slight decrease. With the stability of visitors most of the time from 1999 - 2009, it is possible that there will be a increase in visitors in 2010.

China: There was unstable growth in visitors from china from 1999 - 2002 followed by a sudden decrease in 2003. There was a great recovery from 2003-2004, with significant increased in the number of visitors that overshot its limit previously. Still, there was a slight decrease from 2004-2005. 2005-2007, there was a stable increase. Then a stable decrease from 2007-2009. From 2005-2009, visitors coming in to Singapore finally stabilised down. So, as result shown, visitors coming to Singapore in 2010 would most probably decrease with the stabilise condition.

India: From 1999 - 2003, there was very unstable growth and fall in visitors who came to Singapore from India. From 1999 - 2000 a growth is observed, followed by a fall from 2000 - 2001, then another rise from 2001 - 2002 ending with another fall from 2002 - 2003. After 2003, for a period of time, a stable rise in visitors is observed. From 2003 - 2008, there are continuous increased in visitors. Suddenly, a downturn occur. Unexpectedly, the number of visitors decreased. With its conditions on a stable increased for the past 6 years, with a sudden downturn, it means that India has been impacted rather hard. Most probably, visitors coming to Singapore will continue to decrease in 2010.

Indonesia: From 1999 - 2002, a growth has been observed. Followed by a decreased from 2002 - 2003. Then from 2003 - 2004, there was a significant increased in the number of visitors. Continuing for 4 years, from 2004 - 2007, there was a constant growth. Suddenly, there was a fall in the number of visitors from 2007 - 2008. But the decreased in visitors was stabilised/minimised from 2008 - 2009. As the decreased in visitors has already minimised in 2009, it is highly possible that the visitors will increase in 2010.

Malaysia: From 1999 - 2001, the number of visitors that visited Singapore increased, but decreased subsequently from 2001 - 2003. From 2003 onwards, till 2009, visitors coming to Singapore is constantly increasing. With the extra boost in the number of visitors from 2008 - 2009 and constant increased from 2003 - 2009, visitors will probably continue to increased in 2010.

(b)

From the graph, visitors from Indonesia definitely stands out compared to the rest of the countries. Singapore is closely located to Indonesia, making it easily accessible by visitors from Indonesia. Singapore is also a place that provides great service. (E.g. It provides recreational activities, shopping and even medical welfare)

(c)

Visitors from all the countries ( Australia, China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia) have decreased drastically from 2002 - 2003. And visitors visiting Singapore the following year increased Significantly for most country. Economy drop from 2002 -2003 and bounced back in 2004.

7. Indonesia: Starting from 1999, the number of visitors has steadily increased until 2002, there was a slight drop from 2002 till 2003.The recovery began from 2003-2004 where there was a sharp increase in visitor numbers.Gradually at the span of 2004 till 2007, the tourism numbers increased steadily. from 2007 till 2008, there was a rapid decrease and the following year the numbers were consistent. The past few years were at an increasing rate, yet after the big up trend, the tourism started to drop gradually. So i think that the next year would be a drop in the number of visitors.

China: During the span of 1999 till 2001, there was a gradual and steady increase of visitors.During 2002 till 2003, there was a slight decrease.and from 2003 till 2004, another increase occurred, which basically stabilised the last decrease. From 2005 all the way to 2009, it was a arch shaped trend where by 2007 was the peak.As the rates are already at a down trend, i believe that the following year, it would continue to drop.

Australia:The number of visitors steadily increased from 1999-2001. The following years were rough where by the drops from 2002 and 2003 has reached the bottom. The next few years there was a turn over where by the statistics increased in numbers.finally reaching 2008, it remained constant. As you can see that the graph goes like archs, the possibility that the rates would drop again is high. So i believe that the next few years the rates would drop.

Malaysia: The malaysia statistic is some what similar to that of the australian one. The malaysian data showed two arcs, one form 1999-2003 and the other form 2004- 2008, at 2003, it was the end of the arc which is the lowest point. After 2008, the rates increased, so i believe that the increasing trend would continue and thus the following year would have an increase in the number of visitors.

India: Fromm 1999-2003, there was a minor arc that ended the lowestpoint at 2003 and after that there was a gradual increase until 2008, where by the numbers dropped again at 2009. So i think that the following year would continue this trend and resulting in a down trend and decrease in the number of visitors.

b) I personally think that the indonesian graph stands out. This would be possible as the bali island attracts tourists and it is very close to industrial countries such as Singapore and Hong Kong.Indonesia attracts many tourists to visit their vivid and interesting cultural activities and rituals to experience the beaches.

The purpose of visitng countries....

China: Visting of the ancient chinese architecture ruins and to experience all the different cultures in China.

Indonesia: Visiting of the beaches to experience the nice and warm weather. To experience the cultural rituals and their food delicacies.

Australia: To visit the special animals that only lives in Australia such as the kuala and the kangaroo and also to view ayers rock.

Malaysia: To enjoy the malaysian food and their cultures, it is also for the tourists to enjoy the warm beaches and a swim in the sea.

India: To visit the mosques and to taste their indian delicacies.

c) From all graphs,the year 2002 till 2003 all had a drop in tourists, i suspect that something influential must have occurred during this period of time. Perhaps a financial crisis or a disaster.

And most countries end up decreasing or remaining constant at the year 2009.

8. (a)
Indonesia
There is a gradual increase from 1999 to 2003. There is a surge from 2003 to 2004. And it continue increase to 2007 but dropped from 2007 to 2008.

China
There is a gradual increase from 1999 to 2002. But it dropped from 2002 to 2003. There is an increase from 2003 to 2004. It maintained from 2004 to 2005 and continued to increase until 2009.

Australia
There is a gradual increase from 1999 to 2002.It dropped in 2003. It increased from 2003 to 2009.

Malaysia
There is a gradual increase from 1999 to 2002. It dropped in 2003. It increased from 2003 to 2009.

India
There is not much of a increase from1999 to 2003. However, it increased from 2004 to 2008. From 2008 to 2009, there is a drop.
(b) I think that the China graph stands out the most, There is a sudden surge from 2003 to 2004. I think that it is because that China has started to pick up its economy.
(c) From all graphs, no countries increased at 2009.

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10. a) Indonesia: The number of visitors increased over 1999 to 2001 before the number decreased in year 2003. From there, there was a great increase in the number of visitors from 2003 to 2004 and the numbers continued to increase gradually until 2008 where the numbers dropped because of the economic and remain constant until 2009. The number of visitors should increase in 2010 since the economy crisis which hit Malaysia last year but managed to make the number of visitors constant in 2009.

Malaysia: The number of visitors increased over 1999 to 2001 before the number decreased from 2001 to 2003. From 2003 to 2009 it began increasing again. The number of visitors should increase in 2010 because even with the economic crisis, the population still increased.

India: The number of visitors increased by a little in 2000 but decreased in 2001. It then increase in 2002 and decrease in 2003. From there, in 2004, it had quite a constant increase of visitors over the years until 2008 when it decreased again. The number of visitors should increase in 2010 because the economy will pick itself up after the crisis.

China: The number of visitors increased from 1999 to 2002 before dropping down in 2003. It then increased in 2004 and decreased in 2005 again. From 2005, it increased until year 2007. Then, it decreased from year 2007 to 2009. The number of visitors should decrease in 2010 because the economic crisis hit China hard, making the number of visitors decrease for the past two years.

Australia: There is a small increase in the number of visitors from 1999 to 2001 before a small decrease from 2001 to 2002. In 2003, the number of visitors decreased drastically. It then started increasing again since 2004 to 2009. The number of visitors should increase in 2010 because Australia was not really affected by the economic crisis.

b) The Indonesia graph stands out. Because of Singapore’s location, it will more Indonesian visitors as they are close to each other. Moreover, Singapore provides World Class services.
c) During 2002 to 2003, the number of visitors to Singapore from each country decreased.

11. Australia
From 1999-2001, there was a gradual increase. At 2002-2003, it started to drop. Then, it started to rise and stabilised. I feel that it would be higher as the trend shows an increase for the past few years.
China
From 2002-2003, there was a decrease. 2004-2005 showed the numbers a stabilising. There was a rise from 2006-2007. It stabilised from 2007-2008. There was a decrease again from 2008-2009. It does not really have potential to increase as it had been decreasing for the previous years.
Malaysia
1999-2000=Rised slightly
2000-2002=Stabilised
2002-2003-Decreased
2003-2009=Slight increase.
Might encounter a rise in 2010 as it is on it's start to it.
India
1999-2003=Increased slightly and remained constant for some time. Not much significant decrease.
2003-2008=Increased
2008-2009=Stabilised and decrease slightly.
Not much hope in increasing. It has increased quite a lot through the previous years but have started to slow down and decrease. I think that it would follow for quite a while.

Indonesia
1999-2002=Gradual increase with some periods of stability.
2002-2003=Slight decrease
2003-2007=Huge increase
2007-2008=Decrease
2008-3009=Stable.
It should not have any significant increase or decrease in 2010 as it is just getting stable.

b) Indonesia- Significant increase in a short span of time.
Describe-
Indonesia-Taste of the various foods in Singapore.
China-Escape from the bitter winter.
Australia-An arid country. Hence, they would come to experience the life in a tropical country with a lot of rainfall.
Malaysia-Neighbouring country, convenient and ideal for a weekend or short holiday.
India -Sightseeing of our tourist attractions.

c)There was a decrease for all countries from 2002-2003.

12. China : The number of visitors increased from 1999 to 2002 when there was a sudden drop but it quickly rebounded upwards in 2003 and started to fall again in 2004. In 2005, the number of visitors started to rise again until 2007 when the number of visitors fell until 2009.
I predict that the number of visitors from China will decrease as the number of visitors kept decreasing from 2007 to 2009 so the trend will most likely continue in 2010.

Australia : The number of visitors increased slowly until 2001 then it started to decrease slowly. In 2003, it started to increase steadily until 2009. I think the number of visitors will most likely decrease slowly as in 2008 it started to increase less and that throughout the graph, the fluctuations are quite stable.

Indonesia : The number of visitors increased until 2002 when it decreased until 2003. It increased drastically until 2004 when it increased less quickly. It then decreased in 2007 to 2009. I think it will most likely decrease in 2010 as it decreased fairly suddenly in 2007 and continued to decrease until 2009.

India : It fluctuated and remained roughly the same number of visitors until 2003 increased suddenly. It also started to decrease in 2008 until 2009. I think it will most likely decrease in 2010 as it is probably the start of another downward trend when it started going downwards in 2008.

Malaysia : The number of visitors increased slowly until 2001 when it decreased slowly in until 2003. Then, it started to increase and from 2008 to 2009, it increased more drastically. I think it will most likely decrease as I saw that the patterns of the other countries show that when it suddenly increases, it will also quickly decrease again and vice versa.

Indonesia. This is likely because of Singapore provides a safer place for them as Indonesia has higher crime rates as there is less strict security so the law and order is not as good as Singapore although Indonesia is still supporting Singapore by providing it with supplies.

I observed that in 2002, visitor numbers from all the countries decreased and in 2003, they all increased.
I observed that in 2008, visitor numbers from Malaysia was the only one that increased whereas the others either remained about the same or decreased.

13. a) Australia - There was an increase in 1999 to 2001 and a decrease from 2001 to 2003. Then it increased again from 2003 to 2008 and decreased from 2008 to 2009. I feel that it may increase as it has been increasing for many years at a steady pace.

China - There was an increase from 1999 to 2002, then a decrease from 2002 to 2003, followed by an increase from 2003 to 2004 and a sight decrease from 2004 to 2005, then an increase from 2005 to 2006 and an increase from 2007 to 2009. I feel that it will continue to decrease as it has already faced a large decrease and it is not really possible for it to increase suddenly.

India - There is a moderately steady pace from 1999 to 2003, then a steady increase from 2003 to 2008 before it decreases slightly. I feel that it would continue to decrease for some time before it increases again as it has been increasing for some time and might probably face a decrease after that period of time.

Indonesia - It is moderately steady from 1999 to 2003, then there is a sudden increase from 2003 to 2004, followed by a steady increase from 2004 to 2007, and a decrease from 2007 to 2008, after which it stays the same for a year. I think it will increase as even when the economy crisis hit, there is still the same amount of visitors, which shows that it would have had an increase without the economic crisis, and thus I can conclude that it might increase in 2010.

Malaysia - It is moderately steady from 1999 to 2002 but faced a decrease from 2002 to 2003, after which it bounced back and increased from 2003 to 2006, although not much. It remained steady until 2009 when it increased. I think it will continue to increase as it has kept a steady pace for a long time and the increase shows that more people might visit Malaysia later.

b) The Indonesia graph stand out the most as it has a significantly higher amount of visitors than the rest of the countries. This may be because more people gain interest in the place or because of the cuisine.

Australia - People might want to experience the weather there as it has a very hot summer.

China - Could be because of business or education trips

India - Tourist attractions, traditional customs or scenery could have attracted people to go to India.

Indonesia - May be because more people gain interest in the place or because of the cuisine.

Malaysia - Cuisine, convenient ways of arrival, or shopping could have attracted people to Malaysia.

c) There is a decrease in the number of visitors from 2002-2003 and for most of the countries, 2008 to 2009.

14. Indonesia: Between 1999 and 2002, the number of visitors has increased. There was a slight decrease in the number of visitors from 2002 to 2003. From 2003 to 2004 there was a steady increase in visitor numbers.

From 2004 to 2008, the number of visitors increased steadily but there is a slight drop from 2008 to 2009.

China: During the span of 1999 till 2001, there was a gradual and steady increase of visitors.During 2002 till 2003, there was a slight decrease.and from 2003 till 2004, another increase occurred, which basically stabilised the last decrease. From 2005 all the way to 2009, it was a arch shaped trend where by 2007 was the peak.As the rates are already at a down trend, i believe that the following year, it would continue to drop.

Australia:The number of visitors steadily increased from 1999-2001. The following years were rough where by the drops from 2002 and 2003 has reached the bottom. The next few years there was a turn over where by the statistics increased in numbers.finally reaching 2008, it remained constant. As you can see that the graph goes like archs, the possibility that the rates would drop again is high. So i believe that the next few years the rates would drop.

Malaysia: The malaysia statistic is some what similar to that of the australian one. The malaysian data showed two arcs, one form 1999-2003 and the other form 2004- 2008, at 2003, it was the end of the arc which is the lowest point. After 2008, the rates increased, so i believe that the increasing trend would continue and thus the following year would have an increase in the number of visitors.

India: Fromm 1999-2003, there was a minor arc that ended the lowestpoint at 2003 and after that there was a gradual increase until 2008, where by the numbers dropped again at 2009. So i think that the following year would continue this trend and resulting in a down trend and decrease in the number of visitors.

China: Visting of the ancient chinese architecture ruins and to experience all the different cultures in China.

Indonesia: Visiting of the beaches to experience the nice and warm weather. To experience the cultural rituals and their food delicacies.

Australia: To visit the special animals that only lives in Australia such as the kuala and the kangaroo and also to view ayers rock.

Malaysia: To enjoy the malaysian food and their cultures, it is also for the tourists to enjoy the warm beaches and a swim in the sea.

India: To visit the mosques and to taste their indian delicacies.

There is a decrease in the number of visitors from 2002-2003 and for most of the countries, the decrease was from 2008 to 2009.

15. a) Australia - There was an increase of visitors in 1999 to 2001 and a decrease from 2001 to 2003. Then it increased again from 2003 to 2008 and decreased from 2008 to 2009. I feel that it may increase as it has been increasing for many years at a steady pace.

China - There was an increase from 1999 to 2002, then a decrease from 2002 to 2003, followed by an increase from 2003 to 2004 and a sight decrease from 2004 to 2005, then an increase from 2005 to 2006 and an increase from 2007 to 2009. I feel that it will continue to decrease as it has already faced a large decrease and it is not really possible for it to increase suddenly.

India - There is a moderately steady pace from 1999 to 2003, then a steady increase from 2003 to 2008 before it decreases slightly. I feel that it would continue to decrease for some time before it increases again as it has been increasing for some time and might probably face a decrease after that period of time.

Indonesia - It is steady from 1999 to 2003, then there is a sudden increase from 2003 to 2004, followed by a steady increase from 2004 to 2007, and a decrease from 2007 to 2008, after which it stays the same for a year. I think it will increase as even when the economy crisis hit, there is still the same amount of visitors, which shows that it would have had an increase without the economic crisis, and thus I can conclude that it might increase in 2010.

Malaysia - It is moderately steady from 1999 to 2002 but faced a decrease from 2002 to 2003, after which it bounced back and increased from 2003 to 2006, although not much. It remained steady until 2009 when it increased. I think it will continue to increase as it has kept a steady pace for a long time and the increase shows that more people might visit Malaysia later.

b) The Indonesia graph stand out the most as it has a significantly higher amount of visitors than the rest of the countries. This may be because more people gain interest in the place or because of the cuisine.

Australia - People might want to experience the weather there as it has a very hot summer.

China - Could be because of business or education trips

India - Tourist attractions, traditional customs or scenery could have attracted people to go to India.

Indonesia - May be as more people like its delicacies.

Malaysia - Neighboring country, good and ideal for nearby "overseas" trip.

c) There is a decrease in the number of visitors from 2002-2003 and for most of the countries, 2008 to 2009.

16. (a) For each country, describe the variation in the data, starting from 1999 to 2009. Based on the data, would you predict the number of visitors for 2010 is going to be higher or lower than 2009? What makes you think it is higher or lower? [10 marks]
(i) Austrialia: ..... {i.e. your observation...}
Indonesia: Lower. The number of visitors decreased from 2008 to 2009 after quite a sharp drop in 2007 so i predict that it will still continue dropping.

Malaysia:
Higher. The number of visitors have gradually increasing over the years from 2003 to 2009 so i predict that it will still continue rising due to the continuous increase over 6 years.

India:
It would lower as the economic sentiments are not as good as Malaysia, so most people would be afraid of the H1N1 virus, thus lowering the number of visitors.

China:
It would lower. The trend of decreasing visitors started in 2007 so i predict that the trend would continue until it is safe from H1N1.

Australia:
It would lower slightly as the number of visitors have started to lower a bit from 2008, so it may continue lowering before the sharp drop.

(b) Make a comparison amongs the data from each country, the data from which country stands out? Why do you think there are more visitors from this country than others? Would you be able to briefly describe the possible purposes of visit by people from these 5 countries? [6 marks]

Indonesia. I think it is because Indonesia uses many types of advertisements and other methods to attract more people to their country.

Indonesia-is a more developed country with many sight-seeing places and attractions.

China- It is a huge country with many specialties like silk and many other wholesale products.

India- It has many unique products that other countries do not have and also many foods that other countries do not have.

Australia- They have kangaroos and koalas in most of the zoos there, thus attracting many visitors. It also has beautiful sceneries in each part of australia.

Malaysia- They have one of the worlds tallest buildings and sell goods at cheap prices.

(c) What other observations or inferences you could make from the graphs? [Bonus: 4 marks]
All the countries are about the same, having steep drops and gradual rise in visitors. Indonesia managed to attract the most visitors out of all the countries.